TOURISM AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
TOURISM AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
Tourism is the travel for recreation, leisure, religious, family business purposes, usually of a limited duration. Tourism is commonly associated with trans-national travel, but may also refer ttravel toanother location within the same country. TheWorld Tourism Organization defines tourists as people “traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.For More
Since 1980, the United Nations World Tourism Organization has celebrated World Tourism Day on September 27. This date was chosen as on that day in 1970, the Statutes of the UNWTO were adopted. The adoption of these Statutes is considered a milestone in global tourism. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness on the role of tourism within the international community and to demonstrate how it affects social, cultural, political and economic values worldwide. Tourism is an important, even vital, source of income for many countries. Its importance was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as “an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations The theme of this year’s world tourism day is tourism and community development. Focusing on the ability of tourism to empower people and provide them with skills to achieve change in their local communities
The theme underscores the potential of tourism to promote opportunities for communities around the world, as well as the role that community engagement has in advancing sustainable tourism development. As a sector representing 9% of global GDP, one in 11 jobs worldwide, and a key revenue sector for developing and emerging economies, tourism is widely acknowledged for its capacity to respond to global challenges. The consolidation of tourism’s economic influence has built up its social responsibility and political relevance, with a growing number of countries allocating a stronger mandate to tourism in economic and development policy planning. Tourism, along with the multitude of changes it brings to host communities, is a key factor to consider when designing a sustainable community. Without proper planning, communities are often forced to become completely financially dependent on tourism. While tourism can alleviate poverty, people must always have a dependable source of income founded within their community or region. Sole dependence on a tourism economy is damaging to communities and can intensify social and environmental problems, making conditions worse than before the advent of tourism. The fate of many communities is typically up to greedy local jurisdictions and developers, with community members left out of the decision-making process. With improving their local economies as a top priority, governments and local municipalities sometimes allow excessive physical development without first protecting their environment and people. Economic growth is often an important step before social advances can be made, but it can also be detrimental without a framework for the protection of ecology and culture. While tourism provides income for local communities, enables positive tourist experiences, and promotes cultural exchange, it may also create economic and cultural hardships for local communities, and is rarely ecologically sensitive.
Community-based development empowers people to be more aware of the value of their community assets – their culture, heritage, cuisine and lifestyle. It mobilizes them to convert these into income generating projects while offering a more diverse and worthwhile experience to visitors. Every citizen is a potentialbusiness partner to be trained in small business management, environmental awareness, product development and marketing.This type of ‘people-centred’ tourism promotes a sense of ‘ownership’ which augurs well for the industry’s sustainability. what is community development without the community? Hollow development. Community participation provides valuable information and a better understanding of intrinsic values and community needs. Understanding these will increase the potential for the long-term prosperity of any community. Public meetings will inform residents about the developers’ goals and how their community will be impacted, and while ecological and socioeconomic information can be found independent of community meetings, residents will likely provide a clearer perspective on real issues. Information on historic and culturally significant spaces, including the level of importance of archeological sites to community identity, may also be more useful if gained through dialogue with the community.
How Does Tourism Benefit Communities?
- Economic And Employment Benefits (Jobs!)
- Social Benefits
- Environmental Benefits
Tourism and community development is a nice theme , it can create a great change throughout the world. Every community has a role in tourism and every tourism has community with it.lets continue our tourism along with the development of the community.